Munkar nakeer kay sawalat (2 of 2)

Hadees 60:

Riwayat hai Hazrat Abu Huraira say, fermatay hain fermaya Rasool Allah (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) nay:

Jab mayyet dafn ki jati hai [1], to us kay paas do syah rang, neeli ankhon walay, farishtay aatay hain [2].

Aik ko munkar dusray ko nakeer kaha jata hai. Woh kehtay hain “tu in sahab kay baray main kya kehta hai?” [3].

To mayyet kehti hai ye Allah kay banday hain aur us k Rasool, main gawahi daita hon k Allah kay siva koi mabood nahi aur yaqeenan Muhammad (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) Allah kay banday aur us kay rasool hain. [4]

Tab woh kehtay hain k hum to jantay the ye kon hain [5].

Phir us ki qabr main farakhi (wus’at) di jati hai 70 gaz main.[6]  Phir us kay liye wahan roshni ker di jati hai. [7]

Phir usay keha jata hai so ja, woh kehta hai main apnay gher jaon ta k unhain ye khabar don. [8]

To woh kehte hain dulhan ki terhan so ja jaise us kay pyaray khawand kay siva gher ka koi nahi jagata. Ta k Allah usay is khwab gah say uthaye ga.[9]

Aur agar murda munafiq ho to woh kehta hai k main nay logon say kuch kehtay suna tha isi terhan main bhi keh daita tha main nai pehchanta. [10]

Tab woh kehtay hain k hum to jantay the k tu yeh kehay ga. [11]

Phir zameen say kaha jata hai is per tang ho jao. Is qadr tang ho jati hai k murde ki pasliyan idher udhar ho jati hain. [12]

Phir woh qabr kay azab main he rehta hai, ta k Allah usay is thikanay say uthaye. [13]

(Tirmizi)

Sharah:

  1. Arab main aam murday dafn he hote the is liye yahan lafz ‘dafn’ ferma diya werna jo murda dafn na bhi ho, balke usay jala ker khak ker diya gya ho ya shair (lion) ya machli (fish) kha jaye us say bhi ye sawal jawab hote hain, agercha ajza dunya main bikhar gaye hon.
  2. Ye donon farishtay woh hain jo hisab e qabr per muqarar hain, ye insani shakel bana ker is rang main is liye atay hain ta k in ki haibat (dehshat, der) say kuffar to ghabra jain aur hairani say jawab na de sakain aur momin mutmaeen rehain aur ba asani jawab dain, ye ghabrahat aur itmenaan kafir o momin main ferq kay liye hai. Is say do maslay maloom hotay hain. Do farishtay aik he pal main hazar qabron main pohanch jatay hain, lehaza oliya ka aik waqt main kuch jaghon pe paya jana mumkin hai. Dusra ye k jab noor shakel e insani main aaye to jism e insani kay lawazmaat us main paye jayain ge, farishtay noor hain aur noor na to kala hota hai na neela, per jab insaan ki shakel main aaye to in kay chehray ka rang kala bhi ho gaya, ankhain neeli bhi. Hazrat Musa A.S. ki lathi jab sanp banti to khati peeti bhi thi. Haroot Maroot farishtay jab insani shakal main aaye to khatay peetay balkay sohbat bhi ker saktay thay. Is say woh log ibrat pakrain jo kehte hain k agar Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) noor the to khatay peetay kyun the?
  3. Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ka chehra mubarak her qabar main jawla ger ho jata hai jaise her aiena (mirror) main suraj, ba’az ulama fermatay hain k qabr say roza tek kay saray hijab utha diye jatay hain.
  4. Qabr main sawal bhi teen hote hain aur jawab bhi teen, magar yahan sawal to aik fermaya gaya jo sab ka majmua tha, aur jawab teenon ka, toheed ka bhi, deen ka aur risalat ka bhi.
  5. Yani ye sawal jawab to qanooni tor per hai, hum teray imaan say bekhabar na thay, maloom hua k yeh farishtay her shakhs kay kufr o imaan say khabardar hain, in ka ye ilm hai to humare Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) kay ilm ka kya puchna.
  6. Yani 4900 gaz jo k 70 ko 70 say zarab (multiply) ker kay aata hai, yani 70 gaz lambi aur 70 gaz chori (wide), ba’az riwayat main ta had e nazar hai, woh isi ki tafseer hai.
  7. Ye roshni chand suraj waghaira ki nahi hoti balkay noor e Ilahi ya Noor e Mustafa (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ki jagmagahat hoti hai, mumkin hai k iman e qalbi ka noor ho, tab bhi wohi mani hain.
  8. Yani main kamiyab ho gaya aur bohut araam main hon, maloom hua k mayyet apnay gher walon ko pehchanti hai, aur wahan pohanchnay ki bhi taqat rekhti hai, kyun k woh ye nai kehta k tum mujhe lay chalo, ya sawari lao, balkay kehta hai k main jata hon, agarcha us k gher walay bohut door bastay hon.
  9. Yahan sonay say murad araam kerna hai, yani ye barzakhi zindagi araam say guzar k tujh tek siva Khuda ki rehmat kay, aur koi afat ya bala nahi pohanch sakay gi, jaise k dulhan k paas dulha kay siva koi nahi pohanchta, ye neend ghaflat wali murad nahi. Qurani Ayat k mutabiq Allah kay maqbool qabar main jannati rozi khatay hain, khush o khurram rehtay hain, aur dunya kay logon ki khabar rekhtay hain, agar woh so gaye hotay to phal (fruit) kaise khatay, yahan ki khabar kaise rekhtay, aur qabristan (graveyard) main pohanch ker salam kerna sunnat na hota, kyun k surton (bejaan shaklon) ko salam kerna mana hai. Ye hadees buzrgon kay urs ka makhaz (Base) hai, kyun k farishton nay is din sahib e qabr ko uroos (dulhan) keha hai, lehaza is din ka naam roze e urs hai. Maut momin ki shadi ka aur kafir ki giriftari ka din hai.
  10. Maloom hua k dili imaan qabr main sath jaye ga na k sirf zubani islam.
  11. Kyun k loh e mahfooz humare samnay hai, tera kufr per merna humain maloom hai, teri paishani (forehead) main kufr ki tareeki dikh rehi hai, ye sawal sirf qanoonan tha.
  12. Yani dayien (right) paslian bayien (left) taraf, aur bayien paslian dayien taraf. Laiken is ki ye halat humari his (sense) say bala hai, agar hum kafir ki laash dekhain to waisi he sahih maloom ho gi. Khayal rahay k aik qabr main kafir o momin dafn hon ge, to wohi qabr kafir kay liye tang aur momin kay liye farakh (wasi’e) ho gi, momin kay liye roshan, aur kafi kay liye andhairi, momin kay liye thandi aur kafir kay liye garm, momin kay liye mehki hui aur kafir kay liye badbudar. Jaise aik he bister main do admi so rahay hon aik achay aur khush kun khwab dekhe aur dusra peraishan kun aur haibatnaak (khofnaak) khwab dekhe, bister aik he hai magar donon ki halatain mukhtalif hain. Khwab barzakh (merne k baad qayamat tek ka zamana) ki aik misal hai, khwab aksar khayal hote hain, barzakh main haqeeqat ho gi. Pasliyon ka zikr fermana samjhanay kay liye hai, werna jin kuffar ki pasliyan rakh bana di gayi, ya janwar kha gaye, un ki rooh per bhi tangi aisi he ho gi, is kay liye qabr aik shikanja (mujrimon ko saza daine ka ala (tool)) hai.
  13. Yani qayamat tek. Maloom hua k kafir ka azab kisi tadbeer say bhi khtam ya halka nahi ho sakta, gunnahgar momin ka azab e qabr buzurgon kay qadam aur zindon kay isaal e sawab waghaira say halka ho jata hai.

Hadees 61:

Riwayat hai Bara ibn Azib say, fermatay hain fermaya Rasool Allah (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) nay k:

Murday kay paas do farishtay aatay hain, usay bithatay hain.[1]

Phir us say kehtay hain tera Rab kon hai? woh kehta hai mera rab Allah hai. Phir kehte hain tera deen kya hai? woh kehta hai mera deen islam hai. Phir woh kehtay hain ye kon sahab hain jo tum main bhaijay gaye? to woh kehta hai woh Rasool Allah (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) hain.[2]

Farishtay kehtay hain tujhe ye kaise maloom hua?[3] woh kehta hai main nay Allah ki kitab perhi hai us per imaan laya usay sacha jana. [4]

Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) nay fermaya, phir asmaan say pukarnay wala pukarta hai k mera banda sacha hai. [5]

Lehaza is kay liye jannat ka bister bichao isay jannat ka libas pehnao aur is kay liye jannat ki taraf derwaza khol do, pas khol diya jata hai, fermatay hain k, is tek jannat ki hawa aur wahan ki khusbu aati hai, [6] aur ta had e nazar qabr main farakhi (wus’at) ker di jati hai. [7]

Raha kafir, Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) nay is ki maut ka zikr fermaya, fermaya k us ki rooh us kay jism main lotayi jati hai aur us kay paas do farishtay atay hain phir wo usay bithatay hain aur us say kehtay hain tera rab kon hai? [8] woh kehta hai haye haye main nahi janta. [9]

Phir us say puchtay hain tera deen kya hai? woh kehta hai haye haye main nahi janta. [10]

Phir woh kehtay hain k ye kon sahab hain jo tum main bhaijay gaye? [11] to woh kehta hai k haye haye main nai janta. [12]

Tab pukarnay wala asmaan say pukarta hai k ye jhoota hai.[13] Lehaza is kay liye aag ka bichona bichao, aag ka libas pehnao, aur is kay liye aag ki taraf derwaza khol do, fermaya phir is tek wahan ki germi aur loo (garm hawa) aati hai. [14] Fermaya, is per is ki qabr tang ho jati hai, hata k wahan is ki pasliyan idhar ki udhar ho jati hain[15].

Phir us pe andhay behray farishtay musallat hotay hain[16], jin k paas lohay kay hathoray hotay hain, agar in say pahar ko mara jaye to woh bhi mitti ho jaye, is say isay martay hain aisi mar jis say jin o ins (insaan) kay siva mashriq o maghrib ki makhlooq sunti hai[17], jis say woh mitti ho jata hai, phir us main roh lotayi jati hai. [18]

(Ahmad, Abu Da’ud)

Sharah:

  1. Yahan bithana bhi ghair hissi hai, murda khanay main kafir ki lashain humare samne peri rehti hain, magar farishtay isay bitha ker imtehan le ker azab main griftaar ker jatay hain aur humain pata bhi nahi lagta, jaise humare samnay sonay wala badkhwabi main takleef pa raha hai ghabra raha hai magar humain khabar nahi.
  2. Ye sawal jawab arabi zuban main hotay hain, maut kay baad sab ki zuban arabi ho jati hai, magar murda apni zindagi ki zuban bhi samjhta hai. Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) zindagi main tamam zubanain jantay the, hatta k lakri o pathar ki zubanain bhi, janwar Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) say feryad kertay the, aur aap (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ab bhi her zuban say waqif hain. Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) kay roza per her feryadi apni zuban main arz marooz (kehna sun’na) kerta hai wahan tarjuma ki zaruret nahi perti.
  3. Ye sawal khushi ka hai, yani aye banday is nazuk moqa per tu nay inhain kaise pehchan liya? aur tu imtehan main kamyab kaise ho gaya?
  4. Yani quran majeeb ne mujhe khud sikhaya hai, ulama kay zeriye is say aqayed aur amaal hasil kiye lehaza ye jawab ulama kay liye bhi drust hai aur jahilon kay liye bhi, is jawab say maloom hua k qabr main Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ki pehchan imani rishta say ho gi chahay Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ko dekha ho ya na dekha ho, khayal rahay k momin aik lehaz say Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) say quran ko janta hai aur dusray lehaz se quran se Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ko pehchanta hai.
  5. Hadees main arabi lafz “Abdi” istemaal hua hai, is say maloom hua k ye kalam rab ka hai, jisay banda aaj pehli bar apnay kaan se sunta hai, is kalam ko sun ker jo khushi banday ko hoti hai woh byan nahi ho sakti. “sacha hai” k ye mani hain k dunya main bhi sacha raha aur aaj bhi sach bola.
  6. Pehle arz ho chuka hai k jannat ki naimatain pohanchti hain magar banda wahan nai pohanchta, banday ka jannat main pohanchna hashar (qayamat) kay baad ho ga.
  7. Ye hadees 70 gaz farakhi (wus’at) ki tafseer hai.
  8. Kis museebat say kafir ki jaan nikelti hai, phir usay dunya chornay ka sadma, azab kay farishton ki haibat (dehshat) ka, aienda azab ka der, sab jama ho jatay hain, momin ko is main se kuch bhi nahi hota.
  9. Maloom hua k jin logon ne dunya main Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) say rishta e ghulami na jora, agarcha woh toheed per qayem rahay magar qabr main toheed waghaira sab ka sab bhool gaye. Kyun k ye jawab kafir ka ho ga.
  10. Yani isay ye bhi yaad na raha k dunya main maine islam kay siva kon sa deen apnaya tha. Kyun k saray kufr shaitani deen hain, jin ki bunyad nafsani hai, mertay he shaitan sath chor gaya, nafs toot gaya, jab jar (Root) he kat gayi to shakhain kaise baqi rehain.
  11. Maloom hua k kafir mayyet ko bhi Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ka dedaar keraya jata hai, per woh pehchan nahi sakta, kyun k in ki pehchan nazar se nahi balkay dil ki nazar say hoti hai. Nabeena sahaba ne Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ko dekh liya, ankh wala kafir Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ko na dekh sakay ga.
  12. Is jawab se woh log ibrat pakrain jo Nabi (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ko apnay jaisa bashar aur bara bhai kehnay ko imaan samjhte hain, agar is say imaan mil jata to ye kafir keh sakta tha k ye aik bashar hain ya meray baray bhai hain. Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ko bashar man’nay per nijat nahi, Nabi man’nay per nijat hai. Aap (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ko bashar to abu jahl bhi manta tha.
  13. Kyun k ye kehta hai k main inhain nahi janta jab k zindagi main inhain jadugar, shayer (poet), apne jaisa bashar, bara bhai kehta tha, aur yahan kehta hai k main janta he nahi, jis ko waqi Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ki nabuwat ki itela na pohanchi ho, us kay liye sirf aqeeda toheed kafi hai aur us say ye sawal jawab bhi nahi, laiken Hazoor (SalAllaho Aliehe Waslam) ki nabuwat mashriq o maghrib main phail chuki ab jo jaan bujh kay is say ghafil raha woh mujrim hai.
  14. Yani dozakh ki aag kay sholay, dhuan, balkay wahan kay sanp bichu bhi aur garm hawa bhi, ba’az qabron main ye cheezain dekhi bhi gayi hain. Allah ki panah.
  15. Ye tangi bhi ta qayamat rehti hai, jaise k germi aur aag.
  16. In azab kay farishton ka naam zubaniah hai, andhay behray say murad sakht dili, berehmi aur laperwahi hai k is ki takleef dekh ker rehm nahi kertay, aah o baka sun ker kaan nahi dhartay, werna andha behra hona aib hai, jis say farishtay pak hain.
  17. Jin o ins say murad awam hain, maqbuleen ye aah o baka sunte bhi hain balkay azab e qabr dekhte bhi hain.
  18. Yani dunya main sakht takleef  main jaan nikli thi, aise he wahan bhi ho ga k hathoray ki her choat per jaan niklay gi, phir dali jaye gi, isi liye qayamat main kafir arz kerain ge, khudaya tu ne humain bar bar maut o zindagi di.

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